ISRO XPoSat Mission: India Becomes 2nd Country After USA To Study Black Hole

On January 1, 2024, India’s space agency, ISRO, will launch its first mission of the year, sending the X-ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat) into space from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, at 9:10 am.

Following the Chandrayaan-3 and Aditya L1 missions, this marks a significant step in India’s space exploration endeavors. With XPoSat, India aims to become the second country, after the United States, to deploy a specialized astronomy observatory for studying black holes and neutron stars within our galaxy. This mission reflects India’s growing role in advancing scientific exploration beyond Earth’s boundaries.

XPoSat Mission
Source: google

Where you can Watch The Live-Streamed?

The mission will be live-streamed on the official website and social media handles of ISRO. The XPoSat will be placed in a low-inclination orbit towards the east using the PSLV-C58 spacecraft. Alongside XPoSat, the PSLV-C58 will also transport the ‘PSLV Orbital Experimental Module’ into space.

What TimeĀ ISRO has Announced the Launch Time Of Xposat Mission?

ISRO has announced the launch of the X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite or XPoSat mission on January 1, 2024, at 09:10 AM IST from the first launch pad at SDSC-SHAR in Sriharikota. This mission is significant as it represents ISRO’s first dedicated scientific satellite specifically designed to measure the polarization of X-ray emissions from celestial sources in space.

Duration Of Mission

According to The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the XPoSat missionĀ or X-ray Polarimeter Satellite is expected to last for approximately 5 years.

What Is Main Objective Of This Mission?

The goal of the PSLV-C58 mission is to study X-rays coming from around 50 celestial sources in the energy range of 8-30 keV. The mission aims to measure the polarization of these X-rays, which is important for understanding how celestial objects emit radiation and their geometric characteristics.

Source: google

The main instruments onboard are POLIX (Polarimeter Instrument in X-Rays), developed by Raman Research Institute, and XSPECT (X-ray Spectroscopy and Timing), built by U R Rao Satellite Centre in Bengaluru. These instruments will help in long-term studies of the spectral and temporal behavior of cosmic X-ray sources.

Another Country Who Conducted Same Study?

In December 2021, NASA, which is the space agency of the United States, conducted a similar study called the Imaging X-Ray Polarimetry Explorer mission or Xposat mission. The study focused on exploring the leftovers of supernova explosions, streams of particles from black holes, and different cosmic events.


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